Clean Water Act

Clean Water Act (CWA)

The Clean Water Act was enacted by Congress, in 1972, to ensure minimum water quality standards for waters of the United States.

The Clean Water Act has five main elements:
  1. A system of minimum national effluent standards for each industry
  2. Water quality standards
  3. A discharge permit program where these standards are translated into enforceable limitations
  4. Provisions for special problems such as toxic chemicals and oil spills
  5. A construction loan program for publicly-owned treatment works (POTWs)